The volume of foreign directed investments injected in the Kazakh economy rose by 15.4% in six months, Investments and Development Minister Zhenis Kassymbek reported on 23 October. The figure is estimated at $12.3 billion compared to $10.5bn during the same period in 2017, writes Assel Satubaldina.
Kazakhstan tops Central Asian countries in terms of attracted investments, accounting for more than 70% of all foreign direct investments into the region.
Kassymbek indicated mining ($6.7bn in investments), transport ($393.3 million), finance and insurance ($359.5m), information and communications ($124.2m) and trade ($5.47m) are among fastest growing industries.
“In nine months, gross fixed capital formation grew by 21.6 percent and reached 7.5 trillion tenge (US$20.5bn),” he said. “Of those, 73.1% or 5.5trn tenge (US$15m), can be attributed to private investments.”
Transnational companies are currently involved in 34 investment projects worth $10.6bn.
“Twelve projects worth $1.4bn are being implemented and, of those, eight projects with a total volume of investments reaching $1bn entered an active stage of implementation this year,” he added.
German gas and engineering giant Linde Group, working in Kazakhstan since 2009, is planning to launch an integrated gas production system at ArcelorMittal’s Temirtau site to produce industrial gases. The system, with $83 million in investments, is scheduled be operational in November 2019.
The company partnered in 2013 with ArcelorMittal, the world’s largest steel corporation, to build an air separation plant, the largest in Central Asia, at the Temirtau plant. With ArcelorMittal’s plans to boost production resulting in a growing demand for industrial gases, Linde will build a second air separation unit that will connect to the first to form an integrated and fully-customized gas production system. Once opened, the system will be operated by Linde Gas Kazakhstan.
The Farm Frites potato processing plant in the Almaty region has attracted $165 million in investments. The facility will focus on cultivating 11 elite potato varieties, with its annual capacity reaching 70,000 tonnes. Farm Frites and Kazakh Eurasia Gold are working together to set up the Farm Frites Eurasia company that will run and manage the plant.
Belgian Carmeuse Group, the world’s leading producer of lime and lime products, will build a high-quality production plant in the Karaganda region with an annual capacity of 300,000 tonnes. Investment volume is estimated at $70 million.
Turkish Yuildirim Holding is in the planning stages to construct a $220 million soda ash production plant in the Zhambyl region. Company president Robert Yuksel Yildirim revealed the proposal during his meeting with Kazakh President Nursultan Nazarbayev in the capital in December, when the sides discussed the prospects of chemical industry investment projects. The holding expects to kick off construction in 2019 and commission the plant in 2021.
Twenty-two remaining projects worth $9.2bn are currently being developed, involving investors such as Chinese CITIC Group, Japanese aluminium producer Hanacans, Marubeni and Servier, a French pharmaceutical company.
The minister also reported on incentives the country is offering to potential investors.
“We made significant changes to our legislation and simplified the regulatory system, taxation, customs control and migration and visa regime. The number of countries whose citizens can visit Kazakhstan without a visa is 62, including all Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) member states. We also carried out the work to improve the judiciary system in line with the OECD recommendations,” said Kassymbek. Kazakh citizens enjoy a visa free regime in 20 countries.
He added the nation has a three-level system to attract investments. External responsibility for accomplishing the task falls on the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, investment counsellors at Kazakh embassies and Kazakh Invest representatives; the ministry and its committee for investments oversee the national level and local executive bodies with regional Kazakh Invest branches control the regional level.
Kassymbek also urged governors to gear up work in providing land for investment projects, building the engineering infrastructure, ensuring the gas supply and boosting capacity of special economic zones, introducing new financial mechanisms to support large groundbreaking projects and improving the quality of investment portals.
Addressing his colleagues, Minister of Foreign Affairs Kairat Abdrakhmanov stressed the importance of export-oriented industries as a “central element of economic policy” and economic diplomacy as a top priority of his ministry.
“Here, we need a close coordination of investment and export areas to produce a synergetic effect,” he said.
Speaking of high-level visits to Belgium, China, Finland, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and the United States, among recent trips, he noted Kazakhstan signed nearly 135 agreements worth $30.6bn.
“The ministry is constantly working to monitor the implementation of these agreements reached during the visits of the head of state abroad and visits of foreign leaders to Kazakhstan. Investment projects involving transnational corporations receive special attention,” he said.