Chairman of Kazakhstan’s Supreme Court proposes to fully digitalize judicial system

Chairman of the Supreme Court of Kazakhstan Zhakip Asanov delivered a report within the International Conference The Role of Modern Techniques in Elections: Improving Standards, Public Trust, correspondent reports. 

In the report called ‘Disputes in Electoral Law: The State and Prospects’, Zhakip Asanov told that the Supreme Court continued modernizing the digital justice system.

So 91% of civil proceedings are brought in an electronic format. While the number of proceedings to the courts is over 1 million. 6.5 million judicial decisions are available online. 272 thousand users are logged in on the Judiciary Cabinet and the website’s permanent users.

«In his Address, the head of state instructed all government agencies to introduce digitalization, to take into account complaints of citizens online. Most of the claims, appeals from citizens, voters, we should consider that very day and made decisions on the same day. This is not by chance. In case of barred proceedings, then it will be problematic to fix the situation. So we have made amendments to the Code of Civil Procedure enabling to conduct court proceedings remotely,» said Assanov.

The new package of proposals, the Supreme Court offers to fully consider cases in an electronic format and to set up digital courts. The relevant amendments are worked out by the Supreme Court with government agencies.

«The courts have a huge burden. In Astana, in particular, in the Saryarka area, each judge makes decisions, deals with 902 cases and materials a month, that is 43 cases and materials a day. So what can help in such cases? Of course, we cannot increase the number of employees. Elimination of unnecessary bureaucracy in civil and criminal processes can be helpful. The second effective action is digitalization,» said the Chairman.

As an example, he cited virtual jurisdiction.

«No country has this. However, it is under consideration, so-called virtual jurisdiction when the person brings his claim in Astana online, and his claim is received by any judge. If the claimant says ‘yes’, then the claim is received by any available judge, for instance in Ural. And, the former makes a decision virtually staying in his city. The same can be introduced in the appellate court so to eliminate interest and ensure impartiality and objectivity. That’s why possibilities of digitalization are very obvious and tangible,» said Assanov.

He talked about the programme on which the Supreme Court works — which is predictable justice based on digital analytics.

«Each claimant could in advance resort to any programme and predict the end of the case based on judicial practice. And no one needs to leave their places. Nowadays such processes go on. We have many projects on site, including those named virtual courts. The same we could introduce in election processes. For instance, if the citizen does not find his second name in a list in polling stations, he can bring a claim to the courts to appeal commission decisions,» said the head of the Supreme Court.